The Roman Theater -- Teatra Romano -- is being restored with an EU grant; it was discovered in 1980, in the El Pópulo district after a fire destroyed some old warehouses revealing a layer of construction that was judged to be the foundations of some medieval buildings.
The foundations of these buildings had been built in turn upon much more ancient stones; hand-hewn limestone of a Roman character. Systematic excavations have revealed a largely intact Roman theatre.
The theatre constructed by order of Lucius Cornelius Balbus (minor) during the 1st century BC is the second largest Roman theatre in the world. It is surpassed only by the theatre of Pompeii south of Rome. Cicero in his Epistulae ad Familiares ("Letters to his friends") wrote of its use by Balbus for personal propaganda.