The Padrão dos Descobrimentos -- Monument to the Discoveries -- looks out on the the Tagus River bank from which ships departed to explore and trade with India and Orient during the 15th and 16th centuries.
Modeled after a temporary predecessor built for the 1940 Portuguese World Fair, the current structure in cement and limestone was completed in 1960.
The cast of characters on this side are, from left to right: Peter, Duke of Coimbra (son of King John I of Portugal); Queen Philippa of Lancaster; Fernão Mendes Pinto (explorer and writer); Friar Gonçalo de Carvalho; Friar Henrique Carvalho; Luís de Camões (renaissance poet who celebrated the navigations in the epic Lusiads); Nuno Gonçalves (painter); Gomes Eanes de Zurara (chronicler); Pêro da Covilhã (traveller); Jácome de Maiorca (cartographer); Pedro Escobar (navigator); Pedro Nunes (mathematician); Pêro de Alenquer (navigator); Gil Eanes (navigator); João Gonçalves Zarco (navigator); Ferdinand the Holy Prince (son of King John I of Portugal).
For the historical contribution on Navigator Eanes see: http://smu.gs/13PToom. For a quotation from Chronicler Eanes de Zurara, see: http://smu.gs/11P4syR.